New publication appeared in PRL


New publication on "Macroscopic Superpositions as Quantum Ground States" appeared in Physical Review Letters.

We study the question of what kind of a macroscopic superposition can(not) naturally exist as a ground state of some gapped local many-body Hamiltonian. We derive an upper bound on the energy gap of an arbitrary physical Hamiltonian provided that its ground state is a superposition of two well-distinguishable macroscopic “semiclassical” states. For a large class of macroscopic superposition states we show that the gap vanishes in the macroscopic limit. This in turn shows that preparation of such states by simple cooling to the ground state is not experimentally feasible and requires a different strategy. Our approach is very general and can be used to rule out a variety of quantum states, some of which do not even exhibit macroscopic quantum properties. Moreover, our methods and results can be used for addressing quantum marginal related problems.

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Borivoje Dakić and Milan Radonjić

Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 090401

The distribution pm of eigenvalues sm of an additive observable ^S for a MS state |ψ1⟩+|ψ2⟩. A continuous curve is used for aesthetic purposes. The distribution has two well-resolved regions (left and right from the separation point s¯m) each corresponding to the superimposed semiclassical states |ψ1⟩ and |ψ2⟩, respectively. The distance between the regions is Δ≔|⟨^S⟩ψ2−⟨^S⟩ψ1|. The separation probability related to the finite-sized shaded segment |s−s¯m|≤δ=O(N0) should be vanishing in the macroscopic limit N→∞.